Pre-Settlement Inhabitants & Sharon’s Native American Presence

 

The first people to traverse the area to become Sharon were the nomadic Paleo-Indians and the Archaic Period Indians, who came into the area following the retreat of the glaciers. Well before the arrival of Dutch or English settlers, a substantial community of Native Americans occupied portions of modern Sharon. Their principal village stood on the eastern edge of Indian Pond, where they had cleared considerable acreage. Others resided in the valley of Ten Mile River (Webatuck Creek) and on a hillside overlooking Mudge Pond (now Silver Lake Shores).

 

nwcorner-Native-American-paths

 

An age-old Indian trail connected Wechquadnach (Indian Pond) with Scaticook (Kent). Workmen constructing the Hotchkiss Brothers factory in Sharon Valley in the mid-nineteenth century uncovered an Indian burial site there.

Early Native American inhabitants belonged to the loose Algonquin confederacy and called themselves Matabesecs (part of the Mohegan tribe). As early as 1740 Moravian missionaries, including Joseph Powell and David Bruce, worked to convert these people to Christianity and achieved significant success. During the tense days of the mid-1740s when warfare raged along the northern frontier, New York’s governor moved to break up such activities. Bruce stayed on, however, to minister to his charges (d.1749). Powell moved to the west side of Indian Pond where he preached to a group of white settlers until 1774.

Sharon Indians transferred land to arriving immigrants, beginning in the 1730s, though disputes over these transactions persisted into the mid-1750s. In 1755 they relinquished any surviving property rights. A century later a great memorial service was held on the eastern shore of Indian Pond to dedicate a monument to the area’s early missionaries.

 

Some Examples of Indian Names and Their Meanings

  • Pok-a-no-ket: “at or near the cleared lands”
  • A-bess-ah: “clam bake place”
  • Mitt-in-eag: “abandoned fields”
  • Eack-honk: “the end of the fishing place”
  • Simpaug: “beaver pond”
  • Aspetuck: “at the high place”
  • Ousatonic: “land beyond the mountains”
  • Waramaug: “good fishing place”
  • Pequonnock: “a small plantation”
  • Mash-an-tucket: “in the little place of much wood”

What the Indians owned or had claim to- was not the land but the things that were on the land during various seasons of the year…In nothing is this more clear than in the names they attached to their landscape, the great bulk of which related to usage not possession.

William Cronon, Changes in the Land

 

Evidence of Local Settlements in our Area

An account written by Robert R. Livingston in 1707. Livingston was surveying his Manor purchased in 1686. With three Indian guides he visits many local areas via the pathways his guides take him on. He mentions Lake Wononpakook here:

They call it “Indian Mountain” for a reason.

we come by ye way of two lakes called Wanapakook, where a great Indian house was, belonging to Corlaer ye Indian, where Potcchay lives …

-Robert R. Livingston